Go through these three steps to get a quick overview of what to do to reduce webpack bundle size. I have listed them with increasing difficulty so that you can start at the top and hopefully get a quick win and then you can work your way down.
Easy: Run webpack in production mode
Make sure you run webpack in production mode. To do that, you run webpack with the -p flag, like this:
This little flag does these two things to optimize your bundle size:
- Enable minification using UglifyJs. It removes unnecessary white spaces, new lines, unreachable code, etc.
- Set the NODE_ENV to “production”. This tells some packages, like React, to not include debug code.
Medium: use an analyzer tool
There are many good tools to analyze your bundle. The best ones I have used are these two:
They work a bit differently but the output is the same: A nice visual representation of all the modules in your bundle. The output from source-map-explorer looks like this (image from the GitHub repo):
This visualization makes it possible for you to get a really nice overview of what is in your bundle. You can also compare sizes of components and dependencies.
How to analyze the output:
- Are some dependencies larger than you thought? Could you replace them with a minimalistic or more specialized alternative or rewrite it yourself?
- Are you using moment.js and have all timezones in the bundle, but are only using one or two? Here is how to fix it.
- Are you using lodash? Then consider using lodash-webpack-plugin and/or babel-plugin-lodash
- Would it make sense to split the bundle up, so that not every component and dependency is loaded on every page? Then continue reading 🙂
Hard: use code splitting
Code splitting means to split your bundle into smaller bundles.
Now you might ask yourself “Why would anyone want to do that? Isn’t that bad for mobile?”. It’s true that you want to reduce the number of new HTTP connections to increase performance on mobile. But the advantage to using code splitting is you can use more of browser cache and have more specialized bundles.
Splitting libraries to separate bundle
Your dependencies usually do not change as often as your production code. With code splitting, you can split your dependencies into a separate bundle. This bundle can be cached by your user’s browser for longer periods than your production code bundle.
CSS code splitting
Check out this guide if you are interested learning more.
Fetching bundles asynchronously
This guide is really good to learn how to get started.
Implement it today!
It is definitely worth looking into the more easy parts of optimizing webpack. You can get a lot out of just spending 30 minutes working with the first two points in this post.
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